How did potatoes affect China?

The agronomic advantages of potatoes, including cold resistance, drought tolerance, geographic adaptability and high yields can save resources and relieve the pressure to increase grain production, which is an additional way potato can enhance food security in China.

Why are potatoes important in China?

The potato is important to China not only as a staple food, but also as a source of income, especially for farmers in mountainous areas with poor soils. In northern China’s Inner Mongolia and Shanxi provinces, sales of potato account for more than half of rural household earnings.

What does China do with their potatoes?

Potatoes are an integral part of the Chinese diet, especially in rural parts of China. Potatoes in China are also increasingly being used to make potato crisps and french fries, especially with the country’s burgeoning fast food and processed food industries.

What impact did the introduction of sweet potatoes have on the food supply in China?

Potatoes increased arable land and food stocks and therefore increased populations. Where once desperate poor people toiled for food day after day, now people could develop themselves and their cultures.

How have potatoes been a helpful crop in history?

Highly nutritious potatoes also helped mitigate the effects of such diseases as scurvy, tuberculosis, measles and dysentery. The higher birth rates and lower mortality rates potatoes encouraged led to a tremendous population explosion wherever the potato traveled, particularly in Europe, the US and the British Empire.

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Do they eat potatoes in China?

Potatoes have been planted throughout China since their introduction 400 years ago. They have become the main staple food for many Chinese people, especially in the remote mountainous regions. Through the years, different regions have developed different cooking methods for this highly versatile vegetable.

Why is China the biggest producer of potatoes?

The potential of potato to provide food security is one reason China has undergone remarkable growth in potato production over the last two decades and become the largest producer of potatoes in the world.