China uses a “nine-dash line,” citing maritime records from dynastic times, to claim about 90% of the 3.5 million-square-kilometer South China Sea that other governments value for fisheries and undersea fossil fuel reserves. The nine dashes cut into some nations’ exclusive economic zones.
What is the basis for China’s claims in the South China Sea?
A claim to an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and a continental shelf (CS), based on sovereignty over the South China Sea islands; A claim based on the concept of ‘historic rights’ in the South China Sea.
What is the basis of China’s 9 dash line claim?
The nine-dash line represents the maximum extent of Chinese historical claims within the South China Sea. China’s claim is not that the entire space within the nine-dash line is there territory to control, but that the islands within it, the Paracel, Spratly, Zhongsha, and Pratas, all belong to them.
What area of the South China Sea does China claim?
China then claims a 12 nautical mile (nm) territorial sea from the Paracel baseline, not from the individual islands, and in the Spratlys from many features that under international law are not awarded this right, such as artificial islands.
What is the main dispute of the South China Sea?
China’s sweeping claims of sovereignty over the sea—and the sea’s estimated 11 billion barrels of untapped oil and 190 trillion cubic feet of natural gas—have antagonized competing claimants Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
What is the basis of China in claiming Scarborough Shoal?
China claims that in 1935, China’s Map Verification Committee declared sovereignty over 132 islands, reef and shoals in the South China Sea, when Scarborough Shoal was listed as a part of what China today calls Zhongsha Islands.
Why does China want control of the South China Sea?
China wants to increase its dominance in the South China Sea because it is a major trade conduit where one-third of the world’s shipping occurs. The sea is also rich in seafood and oil reserves.
Whose claim over the South China Sea is based on the nine-dash line?
As a result, both the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan officially claim ownership over the South China Sea. The nine-dash line was originally an 11-dash line, and Chinese geographer Yang Huairen helped etch it.
Who really owns South China Sea?
Both the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC, commonly known as Taiwan) claim almost the entire body as their own, demarcating their claims within what is known as the “nine-dash line”, which claims overlap with virtually every other country in the region.
Who Owns the West Philippine Sea?
West Philippine Sea is the official designation by the Philippine government of eastern parts of the South China Sea which are included in the Philippines’ exclusive economic zone.
What territory does China claim?
This has led to its dispute with several countries, such as Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Japan, India, South Korea, North Korea, Singapore, Brunei, Nepal, Bhutan, Laos, Mongolia and Myanmar. Let’s learn about some countries, which have disputes with China.
When did China claim South China Sea?
The People’s Republic of China made various claims to the islands during the 1951 treaty negotiations and the 1958 First Taiwan Strait Crisis. Chinese claims in the South China sea are delineated in part by the nine-dash line.
What are the reason for the dispute?
Disputes arise when there are conflicting needs, values or ideas. Differences of religion and culture are a common cause of disputes. Self-interest is a common cause of disputes between individuals.
How did the dispute began between China and Philippines?
In March, the Philippines complained that Chinese patrol boats had harassed a Philippine oil exploration vessel in disputed waters near the Spratlys, and subsequently filed a formal protest at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS).
How did the South China Sea dispute start?
In early May 2014, a Chinese state-owned oil company moved one of its rigs into waters claimed by Vietnam south of the Paracel Islands. This provocation touched off confrontations between Vietnamese and Chinese vessels around the rig, as well as rioting against foreign-owned businesses in parts of Vietnam.