Quick Answer: What did the Chinese examination system test for?

The examination system was an attempt to recruit men on the basis of merit rather than on the basis of family or political connection. Because success in the examination system was the basis of social status and because education was the key to success in the system, education was highly regarded in traditional China.

What did the Chinese civil service exam test?

The scholar-bureaucrats mainly studied the writings of Confucius, the sixth-century BCE sage who wrote extensively on governance, and of his disciples. During the exams, each candidate had to demonstrate a thorough, word-for-word knowledge of the Four Books and Five Classics of ancient China.

What did the Chinese have to know in order to pass the civil service exam?

The exams had multiple levels and were extremely difficult to pass, requiring extensive knowledge of Confucian classics, law, government, and oratory amongst other subjects.

What is the Chinese test called?

The Test of Chinese as a Foreign Language (TOCFL) is a standardized language proficiency test developed for non-native speakers of Chinese.

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Why was the civil service exam important in China?

The civil service examination system was an important vehicle of social mobility in imperial China. … The hope of social mobility through success in this system was the motivation for going to school in the first place, whether one was the son of a scholar or a farmer.

What was a major accomplishment of the Chinese civil service system?

The Chinese civil service system gave the Chinese empire stability for more than 2,000 years and provided one of the major outlets for social mobility in Chinese society. It later served as a model for the civil service systems that developed in other Asian and Western countries.

How did the Chinese civil service system impede progress in some ways?

What was one way that China’s civil service exam prevented progress? The exam did not test for understanding of science, mathematics, or engineering. Confucian scholars had little respect for merchants, business, and trade. The bureaucracy became set in its ways and was unable to adapt.

How did China also utilize Confucianism to maintain control?

How did Song China also utilize Confucianism to maintain control? Song China utilized Confucianism to maintain its ideas of filial piety, which is the duty of family members to subordinate their needs and desires to those of the male head of the family, or its ruler.

How did the examination system change the Chinese government for the better?

The exams served to ensure a common knowledge of writing, the classics, and literary style among state officials. This common culture helped to unify the empire and the ideal of achievement by merit gave legitimacy to imperial rule.

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Why was the examination system prevailed in China abolished in 1905?

Despite a persistent tendency to emphasize rote learning over original thinking and form over substance, the exams managed to produce an elite grounded in a common body of teachings and to lend credibility to claims of meritocracy. Too inflexible to be capable of modernization, the system was finally abolished in 1905.

Why civil service exam is important?

Civil service examination is administered by the Civil Service Commission (CSC) to determine who is fit to work for the government. It is given multiple times a year and can be taken through one of two different modes: Paper and pencil test (CSC-PPT) or ballpen-based. Computerized examination (CSC-COMEX).

What are 2 major accomplishments in China?

Papermaking, printing, gunpowder and the compass – the four great inventions of ancient China-are significant contributions of the Chinese nation to world civilization. China was the first nation to invent paper.