The civil service exam system in imperial China was a system of testing designed to select the most studious and learned candidates for appointment as bureaucrats in the Chinese government. This system governed who would join the bureaucracy between 650 CE and 1905, making it the world’s longest-lasting meritocracy.
What was the purpose of the Chinese examination system?
Chinese examination system, In China, system of competitive examinations for recruiting officials that linked state and society and dominated education from the Song dynasty (960–1279) onward, though its roots date to the imperial university established in the Han dynasty (206 bc–ad 220).
How did the civil service system change China’s government?
The civil service system changed China’s government by raising its quality through having government workers take high quality tests. … One result of the building of the Great Wall was having China be protected from their neighboring nomads called Gobi and many other rivals.
What general purpose did the civil service exams play?
From the point of view of the early Song emperors, the purpose of the civil service examinations was to draw men with literary educations into the government to counter the dominance of military men.
What were the effects of the civil service examination system in Chinese society?
The Chinese civil service system gave the Chinese empire stability for more than 2,000 years and provided one of the major outlets for social mobility in Chinese society. It later served as a model for the civil service systems that developed in other Asian and Western countries.
What was on the Chinese civil service exam?
The scholar-bureaucrats mainly studied the writings of Confucius, the sixth-century BCE sage who wrote extensively on governance, and of his disciples. During the exams, each candidate had to demonstrate a thorough, word-for-word knowledge of the Four Books and Five Classics of ancient China.
What was the purpose of China’s civil service system quizlet?
-The civil service system gave poor men who were ambitious and hard working the chance to be government officials. -At the same time, it ensured that officials were trained and talented, not merely rich or related to the emperor.
What is the examination system in China?
The examination system was an attempt to recruit men on the basis of merit rather than on the basis of family or political connection. Because success in the examination system was the basis of social status and because education was the key to success in the system, education was highly regarded in traditional China.
How did Chinese inventions affect the history of the world?
Papermaking, printing, gunpowder and the compass – the four great inventions of ancient China-are significant contributions of the Chinese nation to world civilization. China was the first nation to invent paper. … In the16th century, it went to America by way of Europe and then gradually spread all over the world.
How did the civil service examinations and the scholar official class shape Chinese society and culture?
The examination system helped to shape China’s intellectual, cultural, and political life. The increased reliance on the exam system was in part responsible for the Tang dynasty shifting from a military aristocracy to a gentry class of scholar-bureaucrats.
How did the civil service exam encourage the creation of a merit based bureaucracy?
The merit system encouraged bureaucrats to turn to each other and their bureaucracies for support and stability. Severing the political ties common in the spoils system creates the potential for bureaucrats to steer actions toward their own preferences even if these contradict the designs of elected leaders.
How did China also utilize Confucianism to maintain control?
How did Song China also utilize Confucianism to maintain control? Song China utilized Confucianism to maintain its ideas of filial piety, which is the duty of family members to subordinate their needs and desires to those of the male head of the family, or its ruler.
Did the civil service examination system implemented by Han Wudi result in better governance of China Why or why not?
Aristocrats and farmers revolted against Qin oppression. Oppression typically leads to rebellion. Did the civil service examination system implemented by Han Wudi result in better governance of China? the written exams reduced favoritism and resulted in more qualified people working in China’s government.