What did the Chinese contribute to medieval marine science?

What contributions did the Chinese make to marine science?

China makes vigorous efforts for the development of oceanographic technologies, building up an oceanographic technology system focusing mainly on the marine environment, exploration and exploitation of marine resources, and general marine engineering, and covering more than 20 technological fields.

How did the Egyptians contribute to marine science?

trade records of the Mediterranean Sea. *Egyptians utilized the Nile River and created a commerce based on ship-based trade (4000 BC). … They believed only rivers had currents, and named this mass of water okeanos (meaning river), from which we derived our term ocean.

How did Ptolemy contribute to oceanography?

What were the contributions of Eratosthenes, Hipparcus, and Ptolemy to oceanography? Eratosthenes introduced latitude and longitude. Hipparchus divided the Earth’s surface into 360 degrees. Ptolemy showed the world as a globe with north on the top and east on the right.

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What development to marine biology are the Phoenicians responsible for?

Phoenicians- The Phoenicians contributed to ocean exploration by establishing the first trade routes throughout the Mediterranean, even as far north as Great Britain. Phoenicians sailed both along shore and in the open sea, but always in sight of land.

What did the Polynesians contribute to marine science?

They also were among the first people to use astronomical observations of the stars to help them navigate across the ocean. They made the earliest form of navigational or oceanographic map, called stick charts. These were made of pieces of bamboo or other wood that were tied together.

How did the seas influence China’s history?

In what ways might the seas have influenced China’s history? They provided food, ways of trade and transportation, and protection. Why do you think the land near the Huang He and the Chang Jiang would be so heavily populated? They provide water for drinking, bathing, and cooking.

How did Ferdinand Magellan contribute to marine science?

Magellan’s skill as a navigator makes his voyage probably the most outstanding single contribution to the early charting of the oceans. Magellan had the idea to sail west across the ocean to get to Asia. Contrary to his expectations, Magellan sailed past modern-day Argentina and found a route to the Pacific Ocean.

What did the Vikings contribute to ocean exploration?

The Vikings, in 700 -1000 A.D., developed distinctive open boats and explored the North Atlantic from their Scandinavian homelands. They reached Iceland in about 700 A.D., Greenland in about 995 A.D. and North America around 1,000 A.D.

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Who is the father of Marine Biology?

He is often called the ‘father of modern oceanography and Marine biology’. His principal contributions to marine biology were: Charles Thompson has discovered more than 4,000 new marine species during his travels and research.

What was the major contribution of Ptolemy?

Ptolemy made contributions to astronomy, mathematics, geography, musical theory, and optics. He compiled a star catalog and the earliest surviving table of a trigonometric function and established mathematically that an object and its mirror image must make equal angles to a mirror.

What did Claudius Ptolemy contribution to astronomy?

Ptolemy synthesized Greek knowledge of the known Universe. His work enabled astronomers to make accurate predictions of planetary positions and solar and lunar eclipses, promoting acceptance of his view of the cosmos in the Byzantine and Islamic worlds and throughout Europe for more than 1400 years.

What was Ptolemy known for?

Aristotle showed special interest in ‘ichthyology’ (ie the branch of zoology that studies fish) describing more than 100 fish species and the reproductive life history of over 40 of those species. The first descriptions of hermaphroditism (organisms without separate sexes) in fish are ‘Aristotelic’.

How did Phoenicians contribute to ocean exploration?

The Phoenicians contributed to ocean exploration by establishing the first trade routes throughout the Mediterranean, even as far north as Great Britain.

What was the most lasting contribution of the Phoenicians?

Perhaps the most significant contribution of the Phoenicians was an alphabetic writing system that became the root of the Western alphabets when the Greeks adopted it.

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