Food production increased. The abundance of food helped support a larger population, so China’s population grew to more than 100 million people! Peasants could take time away from farming to make silk, cotton cloth, and other products to sell or trade. Rice farmers could market their surplus of rice.
How did agriculture help ancient China?
Ancient Chinese began farming rice over 9,000 years ago. Farming made life easier because people no longer had to travel to hunt animals, but could grow their food where they lived. Rice and millet were the two main crops grown in Ancient China. … Millet was another main crop grown by the ancient Chinese.
How does agriculture affect China?
But China’s agriculture also has global impacts. Even as it imports more and more grain, soybeans and other agricultural commodities, China is also a major exporter of both fresh produce and processed foods. … Water scarcity affects many parts of the country, as shown by plummeting water tables in northern China.
What are some of the agricultural advances that the ancient Chinese developed?
Both food crops and cash crops were actively domesticated. The main crops planted were millet and its varieties. Rice planting was discovered at approximately the same time, mainly in the southern parts of China. There were also cash crops such as beans, ramie, and melons planted during this period.
Why is agriculture important to China’s economy?
Irrigation and mechanization involved a large amount of industrial input into agriculture, creating a strong backward linkage effect driving the rapid development of agro-industries. Farmers’ income is largely determined by the rate of agricultural growth.
What was the economy of ancient China?
Ancient China’s economy, like all economies at that time (which had advanced beyond the hunter-gatherer stage), were based on agriculture. The vast majority of Chinese families lived in small farming villages, of a dozen or so families.
Why did agriculture develop in China?
Political stability and a growing labor force led to economic growth, and people opened up large areas of wasteland and built irrigation works for expanded agricultural use. As land-use became more intensive and efficient, rice was grown twice a year and cattle began to be used for plowing and fertilization.