What is a meritocracy in ancient China?

Meritocracy (merit, from Latin mereō, and -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος kratos ‘strength, power’) is a political system in which economic goods and/or political power are vested in individual people on the basis of talent, effort, and achievement, rather than wealth or social class.

What is an example of a meritocracy?

One of the central problems faced by a meritocracy is how to judge “merit.” It is common for a meritocracy to use standardized testing. … For example, a firm with the highest IQ employees might fall down in areas such as innovation, design and sales that require diverse talents that aren’t captured by an IQ test.

What is the best definition of meritocracy?

: a system, organization, or society in which people are chosen and moved into positions of success, power, and influence on the basis of their demonstrated abilities and merit (see merit entry 1 sense 1b) Only the elite, in that new meritocracy, would enjoy the opportunity for self-fulfillment …—

What was the first dynasty to use meritocracy?

The Song Dynasty first started in 960 a.d. Under Song emperors, the idea of scholar-officials from the Tang dynasty reached its height. The Song relied on civil service exams and opened them up to far more candidates. In this way, they created a meritocracy.

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What is meritocracy work?

What is a meritocracy in the workplace? In a meritocracy, everyone has the right to express their opinions and are encouraged to share them openly and often. Those opinions are listened to and decisions are then made based on those that are deemed the best.

What is meritocracy in world history?

Meritocracy (merit, from Latin mereō, and -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος kratos ‘strength, power’) is a political system in which economic goods and/or political power are vested in individual people on the basis of talent, effort, and achievement, rather than wealth or social class.

When was meritocracy first used?

Michael Young coined the term ‘meritocracy’ in a satirical tale called The Rise of the Meritocracy 1870-2033 (Young, 1958). This satire was intended to inspire reflection upon the folly of meritocratic life. Whilst it may have succeeded in this respect when first published, the book no longer has such potential.

What is bad about meritocracy?

In addition to being false, a growing body of research in psychology and neuroscience suggests that believing in meritocracy makes people more selfish, less self-critical and even more prone to acting in discriminatory ways.

What is another word for meritocracy?

What is another word for meritocracy?

excellence value
truthfulness justness
equity lawfulness
legality impartiality
equitableness

How do you use the word meritocracy?

Meritocracy in a Sentence

  1. Mr. …
  2. The school honor’s club was a meritocracy where the leaders were chosen because of their academic achievements.
  3. In this imaginary meritocracy, it was those with the highest IQs that ran the country.
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What is bureaucracy in China?

CHINESE BUREAUCRACY. … It is a huge bureaucracy controlled by the Communist Party and headed by the Prime Minister. Through its hierarchy of ministries and agencies, the State Council carries out the directives of the Politburo. Among the agencies are the Ministry of Truth and a Department of Propaganda.

How did bureaucracy help China?

The Chinese civil service system gave the Chinese empire stability for more than 2,000 years and provided one of the major outlets for social mobility in Chinese society. It later served as a model for the civil service systems that developed in other Asian and Western countries.

Is the military a meritocracy?

In other words, the concept of the Army as a meritocracy is a myth. … In other words, the concept of the Army as a meritocracy is a myth. Increasing diversity in combat arms branches is necessary because those occupational fields, especially infantry, enjoy significantly higher promotion rates.

Is a meritocracy good for business?

Involving everyone in the workplace is today seen as one of the top goals for fostering a positive culture. Meritocratic workplaces operate performance reward systems. Employees are judged on effort, skills, abilities and performance alone.

What are the characteristics of meritocracy?

Individuals in a meritocratic system feel valued, believe their abilities are recognised, and have incentives to improve their professional performance. In such a context, individuals experience their environment as fair and feel more confident about themselves, others and their work.

What is meritocracy performance management?

In its simplest terms, meritocracy means providing employees with better compensation and opportunities to advance as they do more for the company. Typically, meritocracy is referred to as pay for performance. … It is the “more than well done” effort that enables a company to truly fly.

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