What is ADR in Chinese?

What does Chinese ADR mean?

A Chinese Depositary Receipt (CDR) is a type of depositary receipt (DR) that is traded on a Chinese stock exchange. In other words, it refers to shares in non-Chinese companies that trade in China the same way that American depositary receipts (ADRs) allow non-U.S. company shares to trade on American exchanges.

How many China ADRs are there?

There are over 250 Chinese ADRs, with a combined market capitalization of over USD 1.5tr.

What is ADR vie?

Variable Interest Entity (VIE) is a popular business structure that Chinese corporates use to accommodate foreign capital in those restricted industries. … Chinese regulators have recently vowed to tighten regulations on American Depositary Receipt (ADR) listings, most of which are in VIE structures.

Are all Chinese stocks VIEs?


The report estimates that over 80% of all U.S.-listed Chinese companies operate VIEs that are material to their operations. The structure also falls into a gray area of Chinese law.

Are ADR safe?

ADR risk factors and expenses

Because ADRs are issued by non-US companies, they entail special risks inherent to all foreign investments. These include: Exchange rate risk—the risk that the currency in the issuing company’s country will drop relative to the US dollar.

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What happens if you own Chinese stock that gets delisted?

If a U.S.-listed Chinese company like DiDi delists, there are essentially three possible outcomes for investors: a share buyback, share transfer, or share limbo. In a buyback scenario, the Chinese company could purchase its shares back from investors at a price agreed upon by shareholders—effectively going private.

What companies in the USA does China own?

American Companies You Didn’t Know Were Owned By Chinese Investors

  • AMC. Popular cinema company AMC, short for American Multi-Cinema, has been around for over a century and is headquartered in Leawood, KS. …
  • General Motors. …
  • Spotify. …
  • Snapchat. …
  • Hilton Hotels. …
  • General Electric Appliance Division. …

What brands are owned by China?

The Top 10 BrandZ China Top 100 Most Valuable Chinese Brands

Rank 2019 Brand Brand value 2019 (US$M)
1 Alibaba 140,953
2 Tencent 138,158
3 ICBC 40,725
4 China Mobile 39,103

Is Yum an ADR?

Yum China would be the fourth high-profile listing by a major Chinese company with American depositary receipts (ADRs) in the past eight months since Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba Group Holding’s US$12.9 billion secondary listing in November. … Brands and listed in New York in November 2016.

Are VIEs safe?

The VIE structure is illegal under Chinese law

The contracts pertaining to control of the assets and the rights to the profits are legally unenforceable. … Fake Tencent, the Caymans shell company, only has any value because of the contracts that they hold which in turn are not legal and unenforceable.

Is Alibaba an ADR?

BABA is also listed in the U.S. as an ADR. The CCP can’t take any direct action against Citigroup (C) – the bank that sponsors BABA ADRs – but it can punish American shareholders by taking action against BABA itself.

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What is an ADR job?

Automated dialogue replacement (ADR) recordists are recording engineers working in and around the film industry who specialize in re-recording dialogue in a studio setting, as well as recording the voiceover for animated films and television shows, documentaries, and video games.

Can US citizens buy Chinese stocks?

Investors who are wary of such risks, but are still bullish on the Chinese economy and markets, can buy Chinese stocks listed on domestic exchanges instead. Most Chinese stocks available in the U.S. are traded as American depositary receipts.

Do you actually own Alibaba stock?

Under the VIE structure, BABA shareholders outside of China don’t actually own shares. Shares could become worthless for investors, and it’s a risk you should consider. … The lack of ownership may deter shareholders from wanting to invest in a very undervalued business.

Is JD com owned by Chinese government?

At the same time, JD.com announced its new logo and mascot. It is partly owned by Tencent, which has a 20% stake in the company.


Corporate headquarters in Beijing
Total equity CN¥204.486 billion (US$31.339 billion, 2020)
Owner Tencent (18%) Liu Qiangdong (15.8%) Walmart (10.1%)
Number of employees 310,000 (Dec 2020)