The civil service exam system in imperial China was a system of testing designed to select the most studious and learned candidates for appointment as bureaucrats in the Chinese government. … A peasant’s son could, if he studied hard enough, pass the exam and become an important high scholar-official.
What was the purpose of the Chinese examination system?
The examination system was an attempt to recruit men on the basis of merit rather than on the basis of family or political connection. Because success in the examination system was the basis of social status and because education was the key to success in the system, education was highly regarded in traditional China.
What was the purpose of the civil exam?
What Is the Civil Service Exam? The civil service exam is an exam that tests people applying for specific civil service jobs. The point of the test is to prove applicants have the appropriate skills and are eligibile for a specific position.
When did China start the civil services examinations?
China started the civil services examination in 605 A.D. They established the system of chinese imperial examination to select the candidates for the state bureaucracy.
How did the civil service exam unite China?
The exams served to ensure a common knowledge of writing, the classics, and literary style among state officials. This common culture helped to unify the empire and the ideal of achievement by merit gave legitimacy to imperial rule. … As many as two or three million men a year took the exams.
What were Chinese civil service exams based on?
The civil service examination system was squarely based upon the Confucian classics and upon recognized commentaries on those classics.
Who created the idea of the civil service exam?
This system was reversed during the short-lived Sui dynasty (581–618), which initiated a civil service bureaucracy recruited through written examinations and recommendation. The first civil service examination system was established by Emperor Wen of Sui.
Who can take civil service exams in China?
Only the rich could afford the education needed to pass the test and only men were allowed to take the tests. Even so, it is thought that at one point so many people were trying to get into the civil service that the chances of passing and getting a job were about 1 in 3,000.
What was the major accomplishment of the Chinese civil service system?
The Chinese civil service system gave the Chinese empire stability for more than 2,000 years and provided one of the major outlets for social mobility in Chinese society. It later served as a model for the civil service systems that developed in other Asian and Western countries.
What was the benefit of the civil service exam in Tang and Song China?
From the point of view of the early Song emperors, the purpose of the civil service examinations was to draw men with literary educations into the government to counter the dominance of military men.
What was one way that China’s civil service exam prevented progress?
What was one way that China’s civil service exam prevented progress? The exam did not test for understanding of science, mathematics, or engineering. Confucian scholars had little respect for merchants, business, and trade. The bureaucracy became set in its ways and was unable to adapt.
How did the civil service exam encourage the creation of a merit based bureaucracy?
The merit system encouraged bureaucrats to turn to each other and their bureaucracies for support and stability. Severing the political ties common in the spoils system creates the potential for bureaucrats to steer actions toward their own preferences even if these contradict the designs of elected leaders.
Why were China’s civil service examinations so difficult?
The exams were a means for a young male of any class to enter that bureaucracy and so become a part of the gentry class of scholar-officials. The exams had multiple levels and were extremely difficult to pass, requiring extensive knowledge of Confucian classics, law, government, and oratory amongst other subjects.
How did the civil service system change China’s government?
The civil service system changed China’s government by raising its quality through having government workers take high quality tests. … One result of the building of the Great Wall was having China be protected from their neighboring nomads called Gobi and many other rivals.