Why did the Chinese railway workers come to Canada?

Many Asians were brought to Canada to provide cheap labour. More than 15,000 Chinese came over in the early 1880s to build the most dangerous and difficult section of the Canadian Pacific Railway. … “Canada would be strengthened by exclusion of the Chinese race,” the Reverend Leslie Clay reported to Commission.

Why did the Chinese choose to come to Canada?

During the mid-1980s and early 1990s, Canada’s recession and growth of the Chinese economy resulted in a shift in Chinese migration in Canada. Attracted by the employment opportunities back home, some newer immigrants moved back, with many retaining their Canadian citizenship.

When did the Chinese railway workers come to Canada?

Chinese labour was used to build the railroad, and later to maintain it. Over 17,000 Chinese came to Canada from 1881 through 1884. Several thousand came from the coastal areas of the United States where they helped build the American transcontinental railroad, but the majority arrived directly from southern China.

Why did the Chinese come to Canada in 1885?

The first major wave of Chinese immigration began with the Fraser River gold rush of 1858. From 1881 to 1885, more than 15,000 Chinese labourers came to work on the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Prime Minister John A. Macdonald acknowledged the necessity of Chinese labour.

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Why did the first Chinese Labourers come to Canada?

The first Chinese people to settle in Canada were 50 artisans who accompanied Captain John Meares in 1788 to help build a trading post and encourage trade in sea otter pelts between Guangzhou, China, and Nootka Sound, British Columbia.

Why did Canada not want Chinese immigrants?

It was assumed that Chinese people were too poor to pay and therefore would not be able to come to Canada. Merchants and students were exempt from the tax. No immigrants from any other country ever had to pay such a tax to enter Canada.

Why was the railway important to Canada?

The railway — completed in 1885 — connected Eastern Canada to British Columbia and played an important role in the development of the nation. Built in dangerous conditions by thousands of labourers, including 15,000 Chinese temporary workers, the railway facilitated communication and transportation across the country.

Why did the Chinese build the railroad?

The men, many of them from Canton in southern China, had demands: They wanted pay equal to whites, shorter workdays, and better conditions for building the country’s first transcontinental railroad. So they put them to their employer, the Central Pacific Railroad, and a strike was on.

When did the Chinese immigrants come to work on the railroad?

According to the Chinese Railroad Workers Project, Central Pacific started with a crew of 21 Chinese workers in January 1864. Chinese laborers at work on construction for the railroad built across the Sierra Nevada Mountains, circa 1870s.

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