Claimant states are interested in retaining or acquiring the rights to fishing stocks, the exploration and potential exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in the seabed of various parts of the South China Sea, and the strategic control of important shipping lanes.
What is the issue with the South China Sea?
China’s actions in the South China Sea are no longer just a regional issue. The South China Sea Arbitration case decided on July 12, 2016 was an arbitration case brought against China for its effective control of maritime features in the South China Sea that are part of a territorial dispute.
What are the causes of South China Sea dispute?
Important though sovereignty and maritime resources are, the significance of the South China Sea dispute transcends these issues for three reasons: the geographical location of the atolls; the bases of China’s claims; and the unfolding role the dispute plays in the geopolitics of the Asia-Pacific region.
Who really owns South China Sea?
Both the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC, commonly known as Taiwan) claim almost the entire body as their own, demarcating their claims within what is known as the “nine-dash line”, which claims overlap with virtually every other country in the region.
What is 9 dash line of China?
The nine-dash line represents the maximum extent of Chinese historical claims within the South China Sea. China’s claim is not that the entire space within the nine-dash line is there territory to control, but that the islands within it, the Paracel, Spratly, Zhongsha, and Pratas, all belong to them.
How did the dispute began between China and Philippines?
In March, the Philippines complained that Chinese patrol boats had harassed a Philippine oil exploration vessel in disputed waters near the Spratlys, and subsequently filed a formal protest at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS).
Why does Philippines claim the South China Sea?
The Philippine claims to sovereignty over the features known as Scarborough Shoal and the KIG are independent of its archipelagic status both legally and historically. Because Scarborough Shoal is a feature which exists above high tide, it is capable of [sovereign] appropriation under international law.
Are US warships in South China Sea?
The United States has sent its USS Ronald Reagan aircraft carrier strike group into the disputed South China Sea for a second time this year amid rising tensions in the region. … In July they conducted drills with another aircraft carrier group, the USS Nimitz, “in support of a free and open Indo-Pacific”.
What is the claim of the Philippines?
The Philippines claim the in the South China Sea as part of its territory. The country claims that these maritime features fall within its exclusive economic zone (EEZ). The Philippines’ claimed EEZ in the eastern portion of the South China Sea is designated as “West Philippine Sea” by the Philippine government.
Who Owns the West Philippine Sea?
West Philippine Sea is the official designation by the Philippine government of eastern parts of the South China Sea which are included in the Philippines’ exclusive economic zone.
Is Taiwan a country?
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. … The capital is Taipei, which, along with New Taipei and Keelung, forms the largest metropolitan area of Taiwan.
Is China a unclos party?
“The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea formalizes countries’ rights and responsibilities on the world’s oceans. … UNCLOS was signed by over 150 countries, including China. Even though China is a signatory to UNCLOS, it skips the issue of being a signatory by using the nine-dash line.