The country boasts the biggest union in the world, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU), a state-run body. All unions in China are required to register with the ACFTU and have largely been confined to sectors such as manufacturing and transport. … Yet support for unions has been less clear in practice.
What is the unionization rate in China?
The country’s total trade union members now stand at 258 million, or about 20 percent of China’s population, according to the ACFTU. The unionized Chinese equal the combined population of Germany, France, United Kingdom and Italy.
Are there any labor laws in China?
China’s Labor Contract Law states that employees should not work more than eight hours a day and no more than 44 hours a week, on average. … However, extra working hours can never exceed three hours per day and 36 hours a month.
Is it legal to strike in China?
Despite the growing incidents of strikes and other confrontational forms of industrial action, there is no specific law regarding the right to strike in China. Thus, there are no legal rules to regulate strikes or their settlements, although China is not alone in this legislative void (Chang, 2013).
Why are unions illegal in China?
The reason for which the labor standards in China are not enforced is due to the lack of incentive for any local or national official to do so. Many of these officials’ performance evaluations are primarily focused on economic growth within their respected area.
Can Chinese workers unionize?
All workers in China have the right to form or join a trade union. However, that right is severely curtailed in that all enterprise unions must be affiliated with the one legally-mandated body, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU).
How do unions work in China?
Employers tread on workers’ rights – Independent labor unions are illegal in China. The government only endorses one union, known as the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU). All other unions fall under their hierarchical control.
What is China minimum wage?
Effective Aug. 1, 2021, Beijing (Chinese) increased its monthly minimum wage to 2,320 yuan (U.S. $360.01) from 2,200 yuan (U.S. $341.39), the Beijing Municipal Human Resources and Social Security Bureau said.
How many labor unions does China have?
The ACFTU is divided into 31 regional federations and 10 national industrial unions. The ACFTU is the country’s sole legally-mandated trade union, with which all enterprise-level trade unions must be affiliated.
|All-China Federation of Trade Unions|
Is collective bargaining legal in China?
Collective bargaining and the signing of collective contracts are legal rights for Chinese workers. As collective labour rights, they are protected and guaranteed by national laws. However, these laws lack detailed rules governing the collective bargaining process and the rights and obligations of both parties.